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294 Responses to “Beta test 3. Why you should take notes by hand”

  1. richard sheubrooks says:

    great suggestions…..have thought that in the past but have never heard anyone express it

  2. Seth Kahan says:

    Always thought so. Thanks for affirming. Nice Pinkcast.

  3. David H says:

    Great content! Something I have long stressed to others! Engage your brain! Nice to see their is real research out there on it!

  4. This is a great podcast! Simple but something I can remember and use, which isn’t always the case. Great instruction to look at the links below too (I might have missed them). The sound, light and camera set-up looks great too. It feels less formal but the quality is still really good.

  5. Deirdre Marlowe says:

    Notes by hand are FAR better.Makes me wonder why recruiters on phone interviews tap away — they lose the sense of who they are talking with. This comment is not merely a reflection of the generation to which I belong!

  6. Lucille says:

    Great advice; I have found taking notes by hand to be more effective in my work too.

  7. Ray says:

    I love the latest Pinkcast, Dan. As a college professor, I try to talk to my students about the importance of taking notes by hand during syllabus day (First day of the semester). I actually reference Mueller’s and Oppenheimer’s research in my discussion. Next semester my students will be seeing this Pinkcast!.

    Love the Pinkcast and looking forward to more in the future.

  8. Rob says:

    Great one! Useable idea with the research behind it. Thanks.

  9. Diana Baldensperger says:

    As an artist and art educator, I have always transcribed notes by hand. In addition to using written language, I also draw pictures and arrows to show relationships and help commit information to long-term memory. As an educator and fine artist, it is becoming increasingly evident, handwriting is almost extinct. It is a hope of mine this skill will be reintroduced in classrooms as I believe it helps students with focus and fine motor skills, not to mention many other skills.

    • MG Karen says:

      Like Diana, I also prefer to take notes by hand. I usually start with a regular #2 pencil for my first round of notes. I’ll add drawings and diagrams along the way that represent the connections I’m making to the content. When I review my notes, I’ll grab thin point Sharpies, felt markers or colored pencils to add pizzazz and solidify my understanding of the information. Another tool I use is a multicolor ballpoint pen where I can click one of four colors to make my notes more visually appealing. Less often, I write my notes using a notetaking app… However, a stylus doesn’t have quite the same feel or effect… and too often my tablet/app gets a little glitchy. Turning a page can be so much easier than swiping a screen! 🙂

  10. Jason says:

    Great Pinkcast and links.
    Question: How does the use of tablets (iPads) and electronic pencils relate to the research? More or less effective than paper or insignificant difference?

    • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

      Not sure, actually. I wonder if anyone has investigated. Great question.

      • pim van tol says:

        I think the physical use of the hand is the key, not the use of paper and wooden pencil. Just a hunch, though.

        While we’re on the subject – I have terrible penmanship and can’t read what I’ve written in haste (or even NOT in haste…). So for me, electronic pencil and scribble-to-letter recognition might be the best of both worlds. Will take time to get working…

      • Audrey says:

        I have always thought it had something to do with the physical act of using the hand too, but don’t know if there is research on that. I feel like I retain it better that way, I’m an artist/art educator and much prefer actually using pencils or pens to a stylus or keyboard.

      • Leah says:

        There is research on it. It’s the fact that the hand forces you to slow down and synthesize. The key is slowing down and recording only the things that matter most.

  11. Bruce Hirshfield says:

    Hi Dan. Pinkcast #3 is very interesting. I wonder if taking handwritten notes via an iPad will still serve the same benefits as doing it on paper? With the improvements being made in handwriting technology, there may be the added benefit of having some “searchable” text that could be used to help organize the note information – sort of getting the best of both worlds.

  12. I like your presentation style.

    I knew this one already too. That makes 2 of 3 pinkcasts that I knew the info before watching. I clicked anyway to watch to give you feedback, but nothing new here to me. I’d already read this somewhere months ago, and have passed it onto my college students, some of whom take notes on their devices (or just take a picture of the board – gasp!!!).

    So, we’re on the same page 🙂 I like your stuff. But if I’m your target audience, I’m not impressed yet. Maybe I just prefer to read another of your books!

    • Jeff Davis says:

      To Stephanie’s point, I know when I click on a Pinkcast that I might see/hear something familiar … ideas such as the ones you often write about have a certain viral quality to them (or I should say “stickiness”). For me though, the stuff I’ve heard before comes as a welcome reminder to maybe adjust my thinking or approach to certain things, and more often than not I will follow through because of your engaging style and digestible format. Thanks again, Dan — keep ’em coming!

      • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

        Stephanie and Jeff — Thanks for the comments. This is a tricky issue. On the one hand, I love offering up ideas that are brand spanking-new. On the other hand, what’s a bit older in chronological terms is actually new to lots people who didn’t hear about it the first time around. (What’s more, as Jeff says, reminders can be helpful, too). No easy answer to this, but I’m erring a bit on the side of usefulness over novelty (though that could change!)

      • Dianne says:

        It is not important to me that Dan only provide the newest ideas about personal and team effectiveness. What I appreciate is the collection of ideas and advice from various sources and presentation in a nice summary.

      • Kerenza says:

        …thinking about ‘brand-spanking new’ ideas and concepts vs ‘already familiar tried-and-true’, I vote for ‘fresh takes on tried and true’. My Grandma used to say “it’s what you do everyday that counts. Not what you some times do”. So pithy and entertaining reminders/refreshers of what (so far) have been three core actionable skills works for me. If I live to 91, and incorporate these techniques in my daily life, I’ll have worked smarter, and lived a richer and more fulfilling life.

        Thanks Dan—I’ve always got 84 seconds to be reminded of the essentials.

      • Ron Katz says:

        Dan & Jeff,
        “Obvious to you, amazing to others.” Yeah, i’ve heard this before and told it to others. Yet a reminder/refresher doesn’t hurt and it never hurts to be able to point to a respected expert (that’s you Dan) who says the same thing I do.

        I don’t need the Pinkcasts to be earth-shatteringly new, although that’s always welcome, I like the short to-the-point delivery of ideas. Keep ’em com in’!

    • Ivan Gribanov says:

      “Everything new is a well forgotten old” saying comes to mind. Its impossible to satisfy everyone. Kudos for doing!!!

      Share what works – it doesn’t matter if it is old or new. Old ideas are usually the tested ones. We have to be careful to not get addicted to the cycle of looking for new things – the genius to living well is not perpetual accumulation of knowledge but is art of putting what one learns to practice! Cheers!!!

    • Sally Bean says:

      My reaction initially was to be disappointed that these are not more original, but after seeing 3 of them, I am finding them useful and entertaining as reminders of good ideas – also the supplementary information is really helpful – especially to be able to point to research that shows the recommendations are not just based on opinion.

  13. susan Eriksson says:

    This one the best so far – no nonsense talk – and research-based with links to original work – as well as links to cool stuff. Loved this one.

  14. Jacquie says:

    Just so you know, I rarely comment on articles, etc and have commented on all of the Pinkcasts so far. I really love them and just shared this one with my team. I am a note taker and now feel justified in using my pen and paper. HA!

  15. definitely agree! problem is – in an effort to keep up, my notes are so cryptic that i rarely remember what i was taking note of!

  16. Rose Dangerfield says:

    Everyone owes it to themselves to check out CW Pencils. They have the coolest items as I open my KUM automatic long point pencil sharpener that just arrived.

  17. Rick says:

    I love taking notes by hand. And if I have nothing to write I doodle. (Which is better for recall later apparently)

    When I do use a computer I use mind mapping software. I take much more complete notes, am able to summarize but the beauty is with mind mapping I can organize so quickly and chart the flows of conversations better. I think with this method I can actually one up paper.

  18. Belinda Brin says:

    Great minds think alike! We shared this research with our People Leaders via our 3@3 messages–three leadership learning points, delivered in three minutes, at 3:00 on a Thursday. As a fellow analog note taker I whole heartedly agree with the research findings.

  19. Barry says:

    Reinforces my experience.

  20. Jim Cull says:

    Another very useful edition. Thanks!

  21. Corinne Buterbaugh says:

    Nice there is research to confirm what I have experienced. Thanks for sharing!

  22. David says:

    On that note (haha) I read that research shows that compared to when a doctor’s receptionist hands the patient a completed appointment card, more people turn up for appointments when the receptionist hands the appointment card to the patient and the patient fills in the appointment time.

    Sorry I can’t give the attribution – it may have been something you wrote, or Charles Duhigg, or Daniel Kahneman.

  23. Robin Smith says:

    I always thought this was the case!

    The less I transcribe, the more I interpret, the more I remember and can recall later.

    Awesome note, thanks!

  24. David says:

    You nailed it! Best one of the 3 Pinkcasts. Perfect length, perfect amount of usuable information, and nice reference to the research “below”. As always, like the informality, the energy, and the research based information.

  25. Rob Carty says:

    This is great. I like how quick and digestible these are, and address productivity concerns I’ve had recently. I switched to typing my notes/daily record about two years ago and I’m struggling. Knowing there’s research showing why gives me a good reason to switch back.

    The only downside is that paper isn’t searchable (I’ve found value in searching my daily notes for a reference I can’t recall quickly). Is using a digital pen and tablet just as good?

    Also, horizontal is good. Vertical videos break my vision.

    I also like how quickly someone can implement these ideas. Switch to paper? Instant. Start timing your productivity? Instant. Pomodoro also just sounds cooler than “timer.”

  26. Karen Knox says:

    Absolutely agree!! I swear by taking notes by hand and I find that I retain much more about the conversation when reviewing my words on paper. Even when eventually transcribing them, I find that I recall more of the conversation and can expand on what is written based based on how I have written the notes on the page if this makes sense. I also find I am more engaged in the conversation and the person with whom I am speaking is not distracted by the sound of typing – they tend to open up more as they understand that I am completely engaged and listening. Thank you for the validation!

  27. Ryan says:

    Bravo! I find handwritten notes not only better for retaining what I’m (learning|hearing|reading) but also doing so makes me more relaxed while taking notes. I’ve moved away from digital archives of notes (Evernote, etc) and to a hand-written collection of note cards (a la Luhmann’s Zettelkasten). Much easier for me to retrieve, re-organize, and reference.

    I wonder if there’s a link between better retention with handwritten note taking and the old Montessori method of tracing to learn math:

    • Robin says:

      Montessori said, “The hand is the instrument of the mind.” She understood about different learning styles and advocated learning activities that use auditory, oral, visual, and tactile modalities. As many people here have noted, notetaking by hand allows one to draw diagrams, figures, arrows, and tables quickly without worrying about formatting. And it also requires synthesis and evaluation of information. When I want to learn anything new, I take notes by hand, and then rewrite them on the computer, taking the time to format and map the concepts onto the page, and also highlighting key concepts. When I review I read aloud the points I need to remember, and these steps together (using all modalities) result in a very high retention rate.

      One thing I didn’t see above is the distinction between global and linear thinkers. Most of us are better at one than the other, and may have trouble learning from someone with a different style. Hand-taken notes let one organize the page to fit one’s preferred way of thinking. Outlining works better for linear thinkers, mind maps for global. Both are good, but most people prefer one to the other, or find one works better than the other for different topics.

  28. Al M. says:

    Yes! I always say put pen/pencil on paper to internalize what we are learning.

  29. Shayna says:

    Validation. I already do this – same goes for study and especially learning a foreign language. Interesting info, Dan, and as another person commented, not really new.

  30. Walter says:

    Thanks, Dan! Great tip! I don’t often take notes. But when I do it’s only with a Paper Mate Sharpwriter 0.7mm Mechanical Pencil, and with the thought of enjoying the light malt flavor of a Dos Equis when I’m done! 😉

  31. anne holzheimer says:

    enjoyed this! i personally agree writing notes by hand work better than keyboard

  32. While it lacks the costumes that make Sheldon Cooper’s Fun with Flags so great on the Big Bang Theory (snark)., I love the premise of a 60-90 second knowledge nugget that I can immediately put to use. I, too, was familiar with this cast’s fact, but it never hurts to be reminded.

  33. Lawrie Graves Bolger says:

    Hi Dan,

    Great topic! I was a theater major at NU, so I’d like to comment on your presentation performance, if you’ll indulge me. Practice in front of a mirror before your next Pinkest and I think you’ll see a few areas for improvement:

    1. You have a very intense expression which raises your eyebrows and gives the impression of being a bit pained. Try to relax and smile some.
    2. I can tell you are used to presenting to large audiences, because you have a very commanding presence and good vocal projection. All good things. For this intimate setting, I would suggest softening your voice slightly, being a bit more conversational vs. lecturing, and modulate your speech patterns more. You tend to keep it on one energy level for the entire Pinkcast. You also tend to bob forward a lot; mix it up and sit back periodically and move forward when a point needs emphasis.
    3. Love your “tap,tap,tap” and props use!

    • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

      Good advice. Many thanks. And Go – U – NU!

      • Pat says:

        Great topic, and thanks for the links!

        One more presentation tip–about tonality. I was hearing a repeated ‘question mark’ in your tone this time, that isn’t normally there. It’s more pronounced at the end, so it may have been time-pressure.

        You are a big personality for close camera work, but don’t try to restrict yourself too much; just have fun with it–we’ll keep watching. And kudos for even asking–because having so many people give you direction can not be easy!

  34. Fun, but maybe not the whole story. A few comments:

    – The dichotomy between “by hand” and “on a computer” gets muddled by the iPad, where it is possible to take notes by hand on a device and have the device transpose the writing into a digital record.

    – There is a third way to take notes. Since it’s the one I prefer, I’ll mention it: recording the spoken word and listening afterwards.

    Whether writing or keying, a notetaker is multitasking because she is listening, watching and writing/keying all at the same time. Too much going on, overload! When recording, I can focus all of my attention on what’s being said, how it’s being said, and what I think about it while I’m hearing it. Afterwards I can review and interpret the recording with confidence that I got everything, which for me is rarely the case when writing or keying while listening.

    • Susan says:

      Thanks Robert. I had that exact question in mind. Does it work just as well to take handwritten notes on a tablet device? Can’t see any reason why not.

  35. Jan Valcke says:

    I also make handwritten notes when reading a book… add arrows, sketch, … thats why i never by a kindle book when its a good book (and who wants to read books that are no good anyway…. bybye kindle)

  36. Patty says:

    I always felt that handwriting was more effective for me personally and now the evidence and research supports that! It is also helpful you explained in simple terms WHY this is so?
    More support for this theory is recently is being shared. Thanks for sharing again!

  37. Love it! I know this research well, so what I love, specifically, is the clear and energetic presentation of a tip that is sometimes hard to sell to people who no longer automatically carry pen and paper with them.

  38. JOE Houde says:

    I just wanted to say I appreciate the links under the video with the research. A nice touch that is overlooked in some places.

    One note: Not sure if the research has studied handwriting on a computer vs on paper. With MS Surface and similar products, you get a high-fidelity experience to pen and paper with the addition of the ability to google and cut and paste.

  39. Joao Abecasis says:

    Ressonates a lot with me – I thought it had to do with the fact that I’m from the “pen age” – I capture ideas much better writing than typing and they stick with me in a much stronger way. Great Pinkcast.

  40. Chris Pears says:

    Best one yet! Not because I had not heard this idea before but because I can use the pinkest to tell my fifteen year old that what I’ve been saying about taking hand written notes in class is true after all and that perhaps Dad isn’t so stupid after all!

    Interesting comment raised by Stephanie about your target audience. I like your stuff, read your books and, being in education, knew this idea and the research behind it. But perhaps Stephanie and I aren’t your target market but perhaps others who don’t know much about you or have not read your books and after watching a few of these want to learn more about what you write about and go buy your books. I would use these to show the high schoolers in my business, economics, psychology classes something they don’t know from a well known author.

  41. Dave says:

    I think this is a great Pinkcast; shot well, short and making a single actionable point. I might add something about tablet computers and writing on them; closer to pencil and paper or closer to computer tapping?

  42. Jen Marten says:

    I like taking notes by hand, but when I do take them via computer, I tend to print them out and then add hand written notes. Sometimes I want the verbatim transcript (thinking of my stats class) to go over but realize the handwritten piece is where I synthesize my ideas.

  43. Richard Carey says:

    As a retired teacher I know that learning is enhanced by using all three types of learning styles: visual, auditory, and tactile (or as some call it kinetic). Using a pencil to take notes helps to reinforce what you are hearing and as Dan says forces you to condense long thoughts into short pieces. Well done, Dan. Another great tip to all of us.

  44. Kevin Martone says:

    Good content and length. Appreciate the links for further research.

    Question: I have heard that doodling (drawing designs, coloring, nothing related to the content) during presentations/lectures helps people retain information as well. Is that possible?

  45. Rachel says:

    Quick, simple and straight forward advice – love it!

  46. Clay says:

    Hi Dan. Really liked the format, length and style of this piece, more so than the other two. This kind of research-backed tip is exactly what I’d expect from the Pinkcast in terms of value. However, I’m surprised that it’s a 2-year old study. Not obsolete by any stretch at all, but I’d expect more hot-off-the-press findings from you! Or older research tied to a recent event that makes it timely once again.

    Overall, still a great concept – keep finetuning!

  47. Marc Bledsoe says:

    another good pinkcast. Love it.

  48. I agree! I use the LiveScribe smart pen to take notes. It looks and acts just like a pen, but is much better (IMO). It records the conversation/interview/lecture while I’m taking notes. Later, I can upload the audio and my notes to my computer. I highly recommend it! And thanks for the Pinkcasts. I’m enjoying them!

  49. Cheryl says:

    Nice to see the science behind it! I’ve always felt that information only gets imprinted on my memory when it goes through my hand….brain-hand coordination! Thanks!

  50. Alison Segebarth says:

    Couldn’t view the video – link was broken for me – would really like to see this podcast though cause I’m interested in the topic and the favorable comments indicate that it would be worth it. Please send me a valid link. BTW, thanks for invitation to participate in beta – these are great and I look forward to them.

  51. Kelly says:

    Great tip. I always recall more when I take hand written notes vs. typing. It also keeps me focused much more easily.

  52. Well, yes, but if you are a freelance reporter as I am, you HAVE to act as a stenographer because you need to get accurate quotes! Love these podcasts, btw, just the right little-bite length!

  53. Mary Scherf says:

    Best of the three. Just the right pace. Solid explanation coupled with good links. Well done

  54. D L says:

    Like someone else mentioned here, this was something I had known about as it has been widely reported and shared. I liked your fresh take on the topic, but I would be looking to Pinkcast to offer breaking productivity news and findings if I am going to make time for it.

  55. Salsa Verde says:

    Yes. Limiting oneself to the pen-to-paper note writing task allowed me, in a number of situations, to stay engaged and paraphrase . . . and not flit off to some internet application that is only possible if simultaneously operating an electronic device.

  56. Aimee Bartis says:

    I could not agree more! I help teachers integrate technology and they are always shocked when I recommend a blended approach. Some typing, some writing. Paper and screens. Be balanced

  57. Marie says:

    Dan are you familiar with the Bullet Journal Method? –
    fits right into this research and idea.
    Great tip. I loved watching.

  58. Tracey Lyon says:

    Great length. Great energy. Excellent content and I really liked having the more in depth research as links beneath. I downloaded and read it right away… but rather than make the pinkcast longer, I appreciate the option to download and read at my pace/preference.

  59. Melanie says:

    I wholeheartedly agree! I work in technology and still walk around with a notepad and pen in my hand. Thanks for the references!

  60. Mikki Heiermam says:

    Great one on a great topic! I like the link to research and your suggestion to check out the links. Applicable to everyone, too.

  61. Jean-Louis says:

    What an important topic for the long term despite the advances in recording /print technology! I had learned to take scribbly, shorthand, descriptive, personalized and side- bar notes throughout university courses (4 degrees) and at hundreds of seminars, conferences, events. work projects, evening courses over 45 years, (mainly) in the education, training and development, health and wellness fields, including technical matter. I still use a 3-ring pocket notebook (portable memory bank ) in an
    upper left shirt pocket, or in a jacket, and/or bag along with carrying some 3 x 5 cards and a paper notepad/scribbler (8 1/2 x 11 in. ) to most events. It’s me and I make or create notes, reminders, tips, sketches, etc. beyond the words being spoken. ( and 2 or 3 pens, pencil, even a red one ! ho ho )
    And I feel cool about it.

  62. Rick Quatro says:

    Hi Dan, Great Pinkcast. I showed one of my kinds that is graduating high school and going to college. I have been teaching all my kinds to “think on paper”. Love your stuff. -Rick

  63. I’ve been doing it the lazy (digital) way. I love pencils and I make my own notebooks. This is a win/win/win for me.

  64. Andy says:

    Agree with this. However, later storing them electronically with appropriate labeling then may help with retrieval.

    • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

      Agree. I store my notes in both paper files and on Evernote. And as I mentioned, I try to process them with GTD.

      • Doug says:

        Field Notes are perfect pocket size notebooks, but occasionally I find them a little cramped for capturing graphic notes. I’ve been using GTD since its inception and would enjoy hearing how you use Field Notes with GTD.

        Do you run into the “tag proliferation” problem with Evernote?

        Keep the Pinkcasts coming, they’re great.

      • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

        My Field Notes/GTF “integration” is pretty simple. I tear out the pages of the notebooks, put them in my inbox, and then process that way. It requires a bit more labor, but I find that the ideas and insights from the notes are more likely to end up in the right place.

        On Evernote, I actually don’t use a lot of tags. Instead, I’ve set up about 10 “notebooks” for my main projects and store notes there.

      • Sarah says:

        I knew if I read through enough comments I’d find the modified GTD. Thanks for a great Pinkcast. I love the snippet of video and combo of research and links to a pencil source. Brilliant way to capture the minds and imagination of a mixed audience. Thank you!

  65. Mike Brooks says:

    When taking notes, I still use a four color Bic pen. Started this practice during my econ lectures in college. All the lines and curves (supply, demand, dipsydoodle, whatever…) on one chart — if I did in all the same color when I went back to review I had no idea what was going on.

    Still use today and works great.

    (BTW, use a LOT less green than black, blue or red. Dan, Why?)

  66. Joanna says:

    I like it. However I am not good neither at computer notes nor hand written.

  67. Claudia says:

    This is great info. I journal by hand for intuitive reasons, but have been typing/transcribing with my laptop and am stopping this now. I would much rather enjoy processing, as you shared, what I hear and get more out of the experience.
    Love these info bytes.

  68. Marjorie says:

    I loved this “Pinkcast’! I often have the discussion with folks who attend my training sessions that they’ll get a lot more out of the training if they handwrite the notes – at which point, they comment about my advanced age! LOL But I’ve always thought that I retain more when I take my own handwritten notes. I love Dan’s point about the fact that handwritten notes are more impactful because you have to summarize the info (thus making you think more about it) as we cannot write as quickly as others speak.

  69. Romney says:

    Have enjoyed all three pieces. The length just about perfect. And as per many of the comments, you are our efficient conscience, not the researcher, so the ‘reminders’ are always worthy. A production note; like the change of background and the wider shot but a bit too busy for me – maybe remove the extra bookcase right behind you?

  70. Classic speakers form, Daniel.
    1. Tell people what you’re going to tell them.
    2. Tell them.
    3. Tell them what you told them.
    Write on & thanks.

  71. Kyle says:

    Pragmatic, useful, quick. While some folks I’m sure have heard this (or just known it intuitively) by early adopters, the habit of electronic note taking is still everywhere, including on our college campus. And, by the way, the research links are very helping in my (academic) context. Thanks!

  72. Liz Canales says:

    I so want to share this one with friends and coworkers. The pencil is definitely mightier than the keyboard. I LOVE having this to back that up! (And I’m a techie!)

  73. Steve Kohn says:

    Mr. Pink, great stuff. I enjoyed especially studying your wall of books and memorabilia (Nats tickets back there from a particular game?) and I like the way you back lit the table with a light behind you! Does a very good job of separating you from your background on a low budget…..and you weren’t even an R/TV/F major lol….I love the fact that one of our fellow alums commented on your stage presence and tone, etc. etc. You are getting more than you expected on this beta feedback I’m sure aren’t you? Dan, you are very gifted and this is a great idea to send out these podcasts from time to time. Short and sweet wins the race in my opinion and this wins. Handwriting notes is certainly a lost art form. My high schooler uses nothing but his iPad for virtually everything in his life….and his neck posture suffers from it. Occasionally I’ll see handwritten notes in his notebooks, but it’s rare….to quote another fellow alum, Paul Lynde from Bye Bye Birdie, “Kids, What’s the Matter With Kids Today??!!” Keep up the great work and let’s hope our Cats make it to the Dance this March Madness for the first time ever in their NCAA bball history. Cheers!

    • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

      Maybe I’ll do a Pinkcast on my epic bobblehead collection! Regardless, I should have been an R/TV/F major!

  74. Kerry says:

    Great tip. I have my son and daughter (college students ) take notes by hand AND THEN RE TYPE INTO COMPUTER.

    Great stuff

  75. Stephen Gatchell says:

    The other great think about using pen & paper is that you have to type them if you want to share them in an email, post, blog or whatever and it provides another opportunity to revisit the material which reinforces the learning. The only negative – my awful handwriting and trying to figure out what I wrote…

  76. Pete Z says:

    I do both – mostly keyboarding when it is a presentation of a formal sequence I have to follow, and pencil when it is more for my own personal learning. When I use a pad and paper to take notes, and then go back later, even weeks later, just the placement of the words and any doodles or highlighting can bring me a mental picture of what I was thinking and what connection I was making to the information and where I expected to be able to put it into play. This is much harder to replicate from the screen or a printout.

  77. Your video inspired this blog which highlights my creative note-taking. Thanks for the short reminder of the power of the “Maker” in us.

  78. Angela Alper says:

    Love the message and the delivery! From a feedback perspective:
    – Such a relevant topic, especially since using the pen is “risky” in a business setting where everyone else may view use of technology as a link to intelligence, adaptability and coolness.
    – Your delivery was a little more laid back this time. Still energetic but a little less “performy” (made up word.) Thought it was perfect!
    – If there are stats or specific ideas you want us to take away (in addition to the main theme), maybe even hold up a visual of the statistic or information.
    Thanks for being awesome!

  79. Hi Dan,
    I couldn’t agree more.
    I’d add to your points that by taking notes by hand on a notebook you look much closer to the person or group you’re working with.
    Laptops are a big barrier between humans – and I mean even if you’re one of those people who can type without watching the keyboard!
    Nice pinkast.

  80. Jim Miller says:

    “The shortest pencil is better than the longest memory.”

  81. Marianna Varga says:

    Hell Dan, thank you for the advice:-))) I liked this piece the best of your 3 Pincasts for you being/seeming relaxed and concentrated, anyway it is just one aspect, content is still great as ever.

  82. Ann says:

    Thanks for the podcast. I read the feedback and have another suggestion: show the notes. One of the things I notice about my handwritten notes is that they offer a different kind of visual roadmap. Typing is uniform and can be read quickly–which when studying or working to remember is not necessarily the goal. Just a thought from a little old lady English teacher.
    I, too, was acquainted with this information, but I appreciate the “package”–120 seconds and some relevant research links. That’s cool and helpful. There is something about a cool guy saying this and not me that’s engaging.

    Thanks for giving me something fun to think about.

  83. Arlene Hougland says:

    Now I know why I like taking notes by hand. I even like to write down things I get from books–because it is usually what clicks with me. Thanks Dan for the tip.

  84. Deb says:

    This is a great podcast. I have always thought that taking notes by hand was best so I am happy to see the research on it. I teach pre-service teachers so this will also be valuable information for them.

  85. Kevin Kermes says:

    I love this approach….thanks so much for sharing, Dan.

    And the Pinkcasts are fantastic. Keep ’em coming!

  86. Fiona Barnes says:

    Love the mix of research cited below to support and the human podcast above. Great energy, nice camera view, and effective use of concise soundbyte. Great job!

  87. Julie South says:

    Hi Dan – you’re obviously not old enough to remember shorthand – where it IS possible to take notes by hand verbatim…?

    Once upon a time I *could* write that fast by hand … but I let the skill lapse … however, even though I could do that I still found it beneficial to take notes the way you talked about – I just didn’t realise I was synthesising the information and / or digesting it … {that’s a relief to discover, haha}

    Also, because I can type almost as fast as someone talks, I find I switch off from what’s being said while I’m listening to just typing … later I find I have (almost) no recollection of what I’ve typed when I re-read …

    Give me hand written notes – in longhand – any day!

    And thanks for the research – this is great.

  88. Dan Clifford says:

    This is a great explanation and good info. I also find that taking notes on paper is less distracting to others in a meeting, and it doesn’t put up a barrier screen between me and others. When in a sales mode, I find taking notes on a laptop could prevent relationship-building. My current preference is to take paper notes, then scan them and keep them in Evernote. That way I can get the best of both worlds – paper notes with the advantage of electronic storage and searching.

    Your delivery continues to be well-prepared yet in a casual, upbeat tone. I think it’s just right for this format.

  89. Hannah Ver Valin says:

    Great tip! Going to a staff meeting now and will pass it on!

    • Rita says:

      Thanks for being the spark that ignites such a thoughtful sharing of ideas!

      Processing while note taking makes my thoughts branch into new ideas, so Live Scribe keeps what I missed safe and sound.

      What would happen if you looked at a real person while talking instead of the camera lens?

      Can’t wait for the next one ~

  90. Jes says:

    I absolutely ascribe to this theory 🙂
    If you are at all concerned by the record keeping side of things, try Whitelines (, a fantastic tool that allows you to digitally capture the notes you take. I like to do this for my work and uni notes.
    Thanks Dan! An ever insightful pinkcast!

  91. Great podcast. Two quick thoughts that may be covered above but wanted to capture before I read back through:

    1. I do take notes by hand but then I take a photo or re-enter later into Evernote where they’re searchable, which is important given the number of notes I take.

    2. Before meetings where I’ll be taking notes by hand, I’ll prepare for that process by drawing a line down the page (leaving two-thirds of the page for the notes and one-third for questions to ask now and later, follow-up items I should do, people to reach out to, etc. I find it’s a lot easier to find those later to add to my To-Do List.

  92. Great post.

    I’ve seen this research in the past, and moved back to exclusively taking notes by hand several years ago.

    Two questions:

    1) Does anyone else notice strange looks when you pull out pad and paper? I can feel younger people rolling their eyes at me like I’m some kind of luddite.

    2) A friend uses the iPad pro w/pencil to take notes. This seems like a good compromise. Anyone have a good experience with this?

  93. Mary says:

    I disagree in most cases, particularly for technical topics.
    Using your laptop or tablet makes the files searchable and avoids the extra set of scanning notes in and then running OCR on them.
    I can highlight, and use symbols, modify text size, change color etc, just as stars and underlines can be done with paper and pencil.

    What’s interesting is that I’ve had both college professors and managers object to the use of a laptop or tablet during a meeting as they find it offensive.
    In addition to taking notes, the laptop is useful for occasional brief references to questions that arise during the lecture or presentation.

    It would be useful to know if research in this topic includes usefulness and reference to notes.

    Looks like I’m the only one that prefers tech over paper and pencil.

  94. Barb Osterman says:

    I love this one – seems intuitive, and confirmed by research.

  95. Darla Klein says:

    Agree with some of the other comments about presentation style. This is the best one yet. Low-tech but not too close to the camera or talking too fast. You are getting the hang of this!

  96. Ruth says:

    I have always used a paper notebook and pen and it has sort of become my trade mark at work, which is a tech development environment. Using paper and pen to take notes means you do concentrate more on what is being said including the intonation and emphasis by the speaker. Also you do not suffer the digital distractions of email alerts, calendar reminders, Skype calls etc. I’m trying to get meetings at work to be tech free, paper and pens only, so your Pinkcast is spot on Dan.

    I like the slightly longer timing, it works better and doesn’t feel as rushed as the first two Pinkcasts. In these days of increasingly written information it makes refreshing change to have someone talk to you about their ideas, feels more personal and human.

    Unlike other commentators I like the information regardless if it something I already know, it never hurts to be reminded of ideas and thoughts that work and no doubt there will be a mix of topics as the weeks progress.

    Keep up the good work Dan.

  97. Kyle Welch says:

    The length of these videos is perfect. I rarely watch videos online because of the time it requires, but it’s so easy to set aside 60-90 seconds. No need to go longer, because if I want more, I dive into the links you provide. It’s a perfect combo: short, pithy, useful videos + useful links for further study. I love it.

  98. Carrie says:

    I’m considered a “techie-type”, but I LOVE paper and it’s efficiency/practicality… at times, can’t beat it. But it has limits. Whether I write important information on paper, with digital ink, or type it, the most value usually comes when I review it (or process it, again) later. The search features/benefits for typing (and even using digital ink, via apps like Evernote) can be more powerful than our paper notes that were processed well at that moment, but forgotten within a few days. Decisions… decisions… Which to use!?
    (FYI — I was going to hand-write this comment in a letter to Dan, but thought most of you would never see it, so I’m typing it here 🙂 — JK

  99. Craig Slater says:

    I now use the Penultimate app on my iPad Pro with my Apple pencil to hand write my notes. The best of both worlds! And my notes are also saved my Evernote account as well.

  100. Kyle says:

    Best Pinkcast so far! Concise and helpful information presented professionally. Very well done!

  101. Susan says:

    I like that you get to the point with the compelling why, and offer links for those who want more info . Nice format. Content is super relevant. In honour of your 3rd Pinkcast, let me say: Thanks. Thanks. Thanks Again.

  102. Peach M says:

    Great session! I agree by taking notes by hand, retention is far greater!!!
    This one is at a much better pace than the last one with your guest which seemed very rushed.

  103. Mike says:

    Dan, I like the format, breezy yet no-nonsense style, and high content-to-time ratio.

    Some viewers mentioned additional polishing would be helpful. I’m okay “as is” since the current presentation and speaking style show informality and focus on the knowledge transfer rather than glitz.

    I also like the short list of relevant references, some a bit quirky too.

    Keep up the good work.

  104. Dave says:

    Nice Pinkcast! I think this was my favorite so far. I don’t know that there is anything you can do about this, but your email went to my Yahoo spam folder! It was almost lost to my usual practice of mass deletion… thankfully, the word “Pink” stands out and it was rescued.

  105. Alex Alviar says:

    I love this, and I feel very affirmed in what I’ve known intuitively all along. I just think better when I have a pencil and paper in my hand. I also tend to draw–bubbles, arrows, etc. And I often group sections of related ideas together into blocks or even draw little fences around a bunch of phrases that are related and then label the fence.
    Is there any research out there about improved memory performance and comprehension through the visual sketchnotes methods?

    I’m looking for reputable studies.


  106. Jane Kerrigan says:

    I did know this .. But you presented it so well 😀 And it’s nice to have the bite size version.

    I see you’re targeting the American market with your links .. Field Notes for example are not available in Europe as an FYI.

  107. Chris says:

    YES!!! I may have come across similar info but having you reinforce is goodness. Thank-you!

  108. Michelle Taylor says:

    Nice clear explanation. Validation at last. Maybe you could do a pink cast on why doodling in meetings doesn’t mean you’re not listening

  109. Laura G says:

    This is great advice! I used to take notes through typing on my ipad all the time and realized I wasn’t remembering anything. I switched to a stylus and use the Notability app and my productivity and information retention level went through the roof. Great pinkcast also. I love that I can watch on my phone without a problem and don’t have to close down 20 popup boxes or ads to do so.

  110. Dan says:

    iPad Pro, Apple Pencil and Notability, great way to take handwritten notes AND stay digital. Assuming same effect as handwritten notes on paper???

  111. Phil says:

    Dan – I like this one. The links to additional reading and tips – fantastic. I found I could focus on you and the topic much better compared to #2 – background less distracting at least to me.

  112. Mary Ellen Bleeden says:

    I look forward to the weekly Pinkcasts. They are informative and provide strategies for working smarter. This week’s topic reinforced what I’ve learned over the years by trial and error. Helpful information!

  113. Linda Newman says:

    Note taking involves thinking about what is important, not just transcribing. I have always taken handwritten notes when studying or reviewing important information. It involves my brain and aids in remembering. This is what I think is important, maybe some of the material is just fluff and I don’t need it. I am a fast typist which dates me. I could say I am excellent at keyboarding. I can write a letter with great speed on the computer and cover lots of topics. If I make a mistake, I can easily fix it. Some correspondence still demands handwritten notes. My handwriting has deteriorated considerably; however, it is much more personal, if not easier to read.

    I prefer to listen and learn, the key word being listen. I do take notes for key points and reminders. I think it is sad that cursive writing is no longer taught in many areas. Handwriting is part of your personality and that aspect will be lost if cursive writing disappears. Printing doesn’t have the flow of cursive writing. It slows down the writer.

  114. Heidi says:

    You nailed it! Good content, great tone and love the resources for those who wish to expand on the thoughtlet. Please don’t feel you have to rush in order to come in at the perfect clip length. An extra 10 seconds wouldn’t be a deal breaker for the average listener. Stay relaxed and have fun.

  115. I was an Executive Assistant for 15 years and taking notes by hand is a must. As far as this being “old” information it is still a very hot topic. With the amount of information people take in daily they’re not absorbing it and so this tip is extremely relevant.

  116. Joan A. says:

    Loves the references you included–thanks!

  117. Connie Siu says:

    I always wonder whether I should switch. I was feeling a bit dated when folks in the room are typing away while I doodle on paper. Glad to hear.

  118. Best one so far. Practical, quick, and research based.

  119. Andrew Smith says:

    Perfect length for the topic; got the point without unnecessary repetition.

    Greatly appreciate the links; I’m one to check things out if interested in a topic, so I’d encourage you to continue adding the follow up information.

    I’m a mile school teacher, and I think Ill show this to my 8th graders as a discussion starter. (They use iPads in some classes.)


  120. Sean Z. says:

    This comment box should be at the top of the comments rather than at the bottom, unless you want to discourage people from leaving them.

  121. Totally support. I am a mind mapper, so on top of the benefits of having synthesized, I am also creating a one-page visual summary of any program I attend. Because I hand wrote, I can often picture where on the page something is located!

  122. Mike Raible says:

    With the recent demise of HBR’s Daily Stat, there is a niche that needed to be filled. You are obviously becoming more comfortable with the format and the information is good. Do you think it is sustainable?

    • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

      I miss Daily Stat, too. I do think Pinkcasts are sustainable. One thing I’m noodling now is the frequency — weekly, bi-weekly, monthly?

      • Greg Sumpter says:

        Great stuff. As others have mentioned, you have done a nice job of taking on lots of feedback. Content on the third may have been least novel, but thought this was the best in terms of production (right distance, no microphone, good use of spacing). I like the idea of weekly personally – particularly if they are between 1-2 minutes.

  123. Sarah says:

    Hi. Ok, this is the best Pink-Cast so far. You seem the least rushed, the least ‘shouty’. Very engaging delivery. Thanks. ss

  124. Chuck says:

    I often find myself using my hand-written notes, then typing them into a file on the computer. Not only does it help me remember the thoughts for a 2nd time, but I I am more likely to actually do something with that information instead of letting it be buried in a notepad.

  125. Di Pass says:

    Enjoyed the Pink Cast. I quote you often in my work and really love the evidence based information.
    That you refer to the research is powerful. Its not just the gospel according to Dan Pink!
    Another benefit of taking notes by hand, especially if you are face to face with someone is that you can maintain eye contact if you train yourself to write without having to look down.
    Also enjoy the references included.
    Thanks Dan from an Aussie Fan

  126. Tom Mackey says:

    Hey Dan,

    Excellent. It may be in the comments above but I create mind maps with pencil and paper (for pencils #4 a must) for note taking and find it a very effective. Often it is also a curiosity piece. I’ve had many CEO’s take note and ask me about it.

    I would not hire someone who didn’t take notes – did i have nothing of interest to say?

    Nice work!


  127. Lesley says:

    Great job. I agree with the comments above. This is the best PinkCast to date. Great topic. Good delivery. You seem more confident, less rushed, I still hate that you aren’t looking at the camera. Could you do it without reading? If so. They would be perfect. I prefer to learn when someone seems to be looking me in the eye. You are just off from doing that.
    Great work. Thanks for sharing your learning and the process with us.

  128. Wildkress says:

    I have some problems with this research. To me, the take away is not “take notes by hand” it’s “be thoughtful about how you take notes”. You can take thoughtful, useful notes with a computer, but it’s a skill. People often fall back on the mindless transcription method, but that doesn’t mean you HAVE to take notes mindlessly on a computer. Typed notes are far easier to use later on.

  129. Rick says:

    As a college professor, I know this works. However, students don’t always listen. I will be referring to the research and this Pinkcast to give some outside sources. I would assume using a pencil on an iPad or other devices would also be an effective way to take notes. You are still writing and can also have it available when needed.

    Keep these wonderful tips coming!!!

  130. Excellent quick tip! My MO has always been to take notes by hand for all the reasons you say. Now, if you could just offer some tips on improving my penmanship so I can actually read the notes…

  131. Anita says:

    This was the most worthwhile and zippy of your tips so far! Great to share with colleagues and children. I am a fan of writing it down. thanks.

  132. John Peecher says:

    This is absolutely true. There is something in the tactile effort that impacts the brain in different way than typing does. This is amplified if you use cursive writing. (There is science to back this up also, so why are they not teaching it in school anymore. I would scream if I was the parent of a child denied this.) Warning: You may develop that half printing half cursive handwriting style that will take years to get rid off, though.

    Here’s the kicker: I found that 9 times out of 10 I never look at the notes again. Why? Because in thinking about the material, reworking it, writing my opinion, I had created so many cross associations that I didn’t have to. I just remembered the material.

    Also, as a student I never got enough sleep, and this kept me from nodding off. I once fell asleep over a blue book in the final exam. Woke up about twenty minutes before the end. (Pulled off a B, though.)

    And if the class was truly boring, I could always doodle.

  133. Christopher Miller says:

    Dan, here’s the genius of your Pinkcasts: They’re short and to the point. And useful. I can share with my colleagues, and maybe they’ll click the link because I tell them “only 84 seconds.”

  134. Linda Eller says:

    This was perfect! Great length and valuable info. I especially like the links to the research for I like to share good information. I also like to have a way to verify somethings when I share it with someone.

    Linda Eller, Ed.D.

  135. Chris Goeschel says:

    Congrats. I think you are on to something. This is my favorite so far. Not new information, but useful~ great reminder and engaging presentation style. I like that it was just you, you looked right at the camera, used the props well but kept a continuous pace , focused on the message. I will share this with my staff and with students in a course I teach. I am ready for a library of these to use at the beginning of staff meetings, or as a daily thinking nugget for my team. We use HBR tidbits but I like the video format better than something staff need to read. When do we see the next one?

  136. Lisa Sansom says:

    It all depends on your purpose really – sometimes, using a laptop and typing quickly to get more of the “verbatim” comments is highly useful – for example, to record feedback from a focus group. However, if you are trying to learn and engage with the material, then yes, note-taking by hand is better. I have taught my students this and guess what? They still want their laptops in front of them. I suspect they aren’t typing either… 🙂 I may show them your video next term…

  137. Jane says:

    Fantastic Pinkcast this week. I am an art teacher and it is always good to hear that hand, eye, brain connection is important for information digestion.

  138. Kim Barrie says:

    The old chisel & tablet still works for me; I agree it aides information processing & visual recall.

    Great Pinkcast. Mark III and I think you’ve nailed it … message flows well, pace is just right, video quality is spot on.

  139. Annette says:

    This is an interesting tidbit…as more and more schools move to 1:1 (1 student:1 laptop) we are not teaching students how to take handwritten notes much anymore. I wonder what impact that will have? Maybe we need to teach them the synthesis skills more specifically since the barrier of not keeping up with the speaker is less of an issue for them. I know personally for me I’m also more engaged in the conversation/meeting if I take handwritten notes – I can’t sneak a peak at my email or calendar!

  140. Judy Wilson says:

    This is a hot topic!! As a former principal and current and lifelong educator I agree with the research!! I have been discussing this in depth just this past week with esteemed colleagues. Writing by hand leaves “Trace memory” that keyboarding does not. We need to bring back instruction in cursive to help build fluency in reading as well!!

  141. Marie says:

    Great podcast! I total agree with you.
    One suggestion is to have a less busy background. It can be a little distracting.

  142. Donna says:

    How interesting! Its nice to know all my little arrows, stars, double lines, etc were helping me to remember key points. This was very helpful when I re-wrote my notes as soon as I could manage. I did this for two reasons – legibility and to help my brain better absorb the material. I also highlighted the key items in my newly rewritten notes. And I can’t really type at a decent speed anyway!

    Your videos are engaging – short and to the point.

  143. Sean says:

    Dan – loving these. The short format and tips have been fantastic. Thank you!

  144. JC Pascua says:

    That was the best one yet! I think the video was good, (it was.. 84 seconds though, not quite a minute, but hey it worked!) I read somewhere that 96 seconds is the attention span online.

    I liked the lighting, I liked the position of where you are on the screen (not in the middle, but slightly to the side). I think, if possible, you can have the audio edited for clarity/filter? Something still a little off with the sound (maybe I hear too much white noise?)

    Topic suggestion, ebooks vs. paper books, which are better for learning? I know longshot, but it’s a PinkWish.

    Thank you again!

  145. Deepak says:

    When we take notes by hand we leave our memory imprints, points which are relevant are emphasised and words reconstructed for learning and referring ease. At times this also act as a mechanism to recall what the speaker was saying.

  146. Philippe Korda says:

    This one is just perfect, Dan! The what and the why and the sources are here, in 84 seconds, waow.

  147. RAVI says:

    Useful tip! Short and sweet! Fully agree with the research and the tip. I have been always taking notes by hand. Wasn’t aware it was scientifically proven too. But, I always felt more understood when I take notes by hand. Your pinkcast has reconfirmed my belief. Thanks for this. tip and one more thing- I liked your Library too. With the books in the background, the message felt more informative. Thanks

  148. Sandra Falconi says:

    Love your podcasts Dan. This one (note taking) makes me feel a lot better about taking notes by hand – I sometimes felt like a dinosaur.

    One small navigation suggestion. Can you put the comment box right under the podcast? While I like to read some comments, I don’t have time to read them all and shouldn’t have to scroll all the way down. Thanks!

  149. Raghav says:

    Neat, Dan! Thanks for this small but effective tip.

  150. Tom Bue says:

    Small detail: It seems you are looking just a tiny bit right of the camera. It really is a small thing but can be a distraction on a subconscious level.
    Apart from that, nice work.

  151. Tero K says:

    Makes perfect sense. Switching back to old school wow.

  152. José M. Blázquez says:

    This is the best of the 3 pinkcasts right now. I must confess I felt a bit disappointed with the previous one, where I got just one sentence to grab. In this one, although a little bit longer, I find a tip plus a short explanation that makes it usable. I prefer this format.

    Thank you.

  153. Claudia says:

    I was aware of the usefulness of taking notes by hand; what I learned through Pinkcast, and you explained it beautifully, is the connection with the brain functions and the pre-digestion of information to be able to take notes!
    Now I also understand why questions pop up in my head much easier when I take notes by hand.
    Keep spreading your knowledge!

  154. Deborah says:

    Very short but very specific. Small pieces of information that are easily digestible.

  155. Nick Jarrold says:

    I’ve tried both ways over the years and certainly find the ‘by hand’ version works best….but..its what you then do with those handwritten notes that is the question?? So I guess the context is all important. Is it a meeting, is it a learning environment, is it just to keep you focussed so that you don’t nod off!!??
    Here’s a suggestion…take a photo of your notes and then store them in case you need to refer to them again. Saves time and space in your office/home without losing the notes.

  156. Jayne Gould says:

    Very timely – I have just reverted to hand-written notes as I find it much easier and I remember what happened! (I also started using the Cornell note taking method to make it more efficient – it’s not as common here in the UK so have become quite evangelical about it!). Now I can explain why writing is better to the techie people who challenge me! The links are very useful as well.

  157. Jayne Gould says:

    PS – would love to hear how you process your notes using a modified GTD approach.

  158. Trevor says:

    Loved it… I’ve always intuitively done this… thanks for confirming my thinking!

  159. Anson says:

    Am an avid note taker. I’ve done both and there are advantages to both.
    I agree w Dan that while writing you can draw arrows, stars etc. Huge advantage.
    But I don’t agree that you tend to consolidate while writing as opposed to while typing. That has to do with how you process internally than with the method of taking notes.

    You can mitigate the disadvantage of arrows and stars by highlighting your lines in different colours, bold, underline etc. and you can create your own formula for it. For e.g yellow highlight for interesting things, green for critical stuff etc.

    The biggest disadvantage for writing which is eliminated by laptops is the ability to store, search and refer back to it.
    A book lasts only a few months. And then it goes into the shelf.
    But with my laptop, everything is in one place – even notes I’ve taken years ago, my favourite quotes, anecdotes, ideas, concepts – everything.
    That single reason, for me, trumps everything else on why to do it electronically.
    My 2 cents.

  160. SharonL says:

    Dan, I don’t work for this company, but I couldn’t live without my LiveScribe. It is a pen that takes pictures of your pages and puts them on your phone or computer AND allows you to search your handwritten pages. I have scores of moleskine notebooks designed for this pen. My clients are amazed because my recall is so good. And yes, I have my notes from the Reach speech you did for VitalSmarts several years ago and can actually find them!

  161. Nancy says:

    We older people know that hand writing notes is the best.

  162. Chris Bergman says:

    This makes so much sense…as we move toward more and more technology in the classroom environment, it is important to always step back and consider which tool to use for which purpose. Your podcast message verifies that considering the tool might not always be technology and/or might need to be a note-taking app that allows for the same processing used for hand-written notes. Thanks!

  163. Tibocut says:

    I ❤️ the way you deliver your concise advices and your energy 🦁

    I ❤️ drawing and when I was a student, created special signs, acronyms, diagrams to capture my notes. It was Emojis and Smileys before 😎 and 🙂

    Although today, since I have tried the iPad pro and its pencil, I only dream taking my notes with this tool. I have tried all methods in-between unsuccessfully (remember Nokia Pen?).

    • Gordon says:

      As far as time intervals for the future, I would be a “weekly” fan…a boost each week to highlight or develop a need seems like good timing, more memorable.

      Longer intervals might cause audience loss, disengagement. Related topics can be made a series to keep with the short format.

      I like these, Dan. Thank you!

  164. Anthony Pfeiffer says:

    This topic is spot on. The length and pace were perfect.

    I have always been a paper and pen guy. I buy cheap spiral notebooks. I call it “My i-pad.”
    I draw stick figures, mind maps, circles and squares. I like my visual way of thinking. A friend once tried to read what I wrote and he said, “Tony, reading your notes is like trying to interpret speaking in tongues.”

    I have gotten help from Dan Roam’s “Back of the Napkin” and related books.

    And MIke Rohde’s “The Sketchnote Handbook.”

  165. Mark Fornasiero says:

    I take it one step further Dan and use colored markers to take my notes. Easier to read and pick out the really important parts later.

  166. Denise Hart says:

    I like this Pinkcast best of all. The video was clear, short and too the point, not to mention a great tip. I’ve tried the computer method to save time, but it’s always better for me to do them by hand and type them up later so someone else could read the scrawls. I retain so much more! My one suggestion would be to have an easy way to share your Pinkcasts on linkedin, twitter, our site…

    I did really like the links and have purchased the book.

  167. Jim Ullman says:

    Makes perfect sense…though the challenge for me in handwriting notes is that my hand cramps up before I finish writing one sentence and I often can’t read my own notes afterwards (though transcribing them immediately thereafter would likely remedy that. Seems the task for me is to figure out how to take notes by computer with greater engagement and less stenographically.

  168. Michael Norris says:

    Well done, as always!

  169. John Joos (Dr J) says:

    You are a master of brevity. These Pinkcasts are excellent.

  170. Fred Emmert says:

    Would be GREAT if comments were succinct like a PinkCast.

  171. Michele says:

    Wow. This makes total sense. Thanks for the tip. Enjoying these Pinkcasts. Keep ’em coming!

  172. Lisa R. says:

    This is helpful, and it also reinforces my strategy for taking notes that has always worked best for me. Thanks!

  173. Thanks! The strongest content was your list of what we do when writing notes by hand. A snappy ending could have been holding up a notepad of your handwritten notes on this podcast.
    Love the points and brevity.

  174. Kristy H says:

    Love your energy in presenting information. Great reminder and validation to all the by hand notetakers

  175. Erin Roe says:

    What you have presented makes a lot of sense. However, have you considered that educators need to teach students how to use devices to enhance learning? Perhaps, educators need to teach students how to take effective notes on devices. It seemed that the argument was not based on the fact that people use paper and pencil, but that they were summarizing and paraphrasing the information – two skills that are sometimes glossed over in schools.

  176. Cheryl R says:

    This Pinkcast was exactly what I have been expecting. Good information delivered concisely with great tips and resource links.

  177. Laura Spies says:

    I agree. You don’t annoy anyone with the clicking away of the computer either.

  178. David Edwards says:

    Found this pinkcast more useful – I do take notes with a pencil just on a gut feel that it works better. Interesting to hear that there is some research to back this up, and that is the ‘connections’ (arrows, stars etc) which make for a better end result. Thanks

  179. Bonnie Koeplin says:

    I’m ancient and come from a period when shorthand was used.
    I used it through college lectures and still use it.
    Absolutely agree with you. Note taking by hand is the way to go, longhand or shorthand.
    thank you!
    Love the Pinkcasts – keep ’em coming!

  180. Chris Novell says:

    So far I am familiar with the concepts of the three Pinkcasts but don’t mind the refreshers.
    Re taking notes by hand they can later be “converted” to digital by scanning or taking photo, thus adding the benefits of higher tech.

  181. Lalo says:

    I can’t read my own writing…

  182. Amanda says:

    All of the pinkcasts have been short and interesting – baseline criteria for me, and I’ll definitely keep tuning in. I particularly appreciated the links included with this video!

  183. Hi, Dan – great Pinkcast on one of my favorite topics.

    I have been aware of the research validating the superiority of handwritten notes for a number of years. When teaching (college-level non-traditional students), I tried to reinforce this, partly to help them learn more effectively and partially just to break students away from their various electronic “toys”.

    My success rate was so low that it is embarassing. People appear to become habituated to using their laptops or tablets rather than write things out by hand. Part of it is a desire to capture everything literally, which you mentioned, and part is just plain habit.

    Thanks for some ammunition to use:)


  184. Ellen Bailey says:

    Great Pinkcast! I appreciate that you talked briefly about the studies to validate the topic and provided additional resources at the end.

  185. Hugo says:

    Hi there! Best one yet. 90|120 seconds is a good time frame.
    Theme, context, the why’s and impact well delivered. links to further research, nice touch!

    Seems that we have a winner approach.

    Every month, you could do a lengthier edition, with the issue|sharing and articles that catch your attention.


  186. Walt says:

    I agree with the premise. I will say you need to concern yourself if there is enough time given to take notes via the hand or if it’s more important to collect the data via a faster input mechanism (laptop) that you can review later. Just my $.02.

  187. Thanks for sending these. Feedback from an art director-type person:

    I have to say I love the home office location.
    I am confused by the large wooden cabinet behind the desk.
    I like the light coming in from the window? It looks like there is a forest there?

    I am I liked the jogging attire in the first pink cast, like the black sweater in the last one.
    The videos seem casual and intimate, which is great. And real.
    I like throwing the timer.

    as a new user of the apple pencil, I have to say that it really feels like an art material (finally!), but I would still take notes with a pencil. For sketching it feels at home though.

  188. Patti M. says:

    Excellent tip and self-contained–no additional info needed. Wow! This makes perfectly good sense. I like the fact that you made reference to research but you didn’t use any scientific words to support the recommendation. Thanks!

  189. 1.) Out of the 3 podcasts, I liked your 2nd podcast the best. My reasons are listed in podcast #2 comments section.
    2.) I have always taken notes by hand and as a result I suffered the derision of others because of my note taking. Now I feel validated.
    3.) In terms of content, this information was news to me, so thank you!
    4.) I am loving these podcasts, keep them coming.
    5.) I think these podcasts are going to be a hit.

    This was fun! Thank you for inviting me to be part of your Beta team. 🙂

  190. Fred Katz says:

    Dan –

    Great point – I am telling my students to take notes by writing too — they need to print out the Power Points and
    print them in notes format to absorb what is being said. I do have them close there computers to aid listening skills too….. or to just stop messaging/chatting or shopping on-line during class……..

  191. Mike says:


    I enjoyed this weeks Pinkcast. While, I believe I read the information in one of your books or news letters, I enjoyed the quick hit with helpful information. You know as well as I do that many professionals have their email boxes dumped with random emails. I believe that your name coupled with the design of Pinkcast will ensure that most people do not delete your email. It is practical and helpful advice delivered by a trusted sources via a well designed short video.

    Well done!

  192. Judith A says:

    Great podcast, efficient and well validated. It could be interesting to question wether young generation (GenZ competely digital native) have the same results (and the good thing about having access to your sources is precisely to understand on what basis the conclusions are built).

  193. Liv says:

    This is the best one yet: good length, good info, plenty of links. Surprisingly, I wasn’t distracted by all the goodies behind you. Agreed on the sound; something is off. Keep them coming.

  194. Justin M says:

    Dan, I enjoy the Pinkcasts and though I’ve also heard this one before (as other people have mentioned), and I USED to take notes by hand, I’ve in recent years succumbed to the “groovy machine.” SO, I wonder if there’s a way you can make the Pinkcasts even more impactful by not only disseminating information but taking the next step of influencing me to go BACK to handwriting my notes. How? I’m not exactly sure, that would be for you to discover. But maybe it’s starting with the WHY. Maybe telling a quick yet compelling story, giving a specific use case where it is crucial to handwrite notes…something to whack me over the head to get me to change my behavior. Thanks!

  195. Les Viragh says:

    Dan, having watched all three of your pinkcasts, I’m happy you’ve chosen to produce these. To me, limiting the session to 90 seconds or less feels just about right; allowing you time to provide meaningful info without the session appearing to be ‘produced’. To me, watching the podcast, the feeling I have is you sharing something interesting with me in a casual way — the way friends share. In addition, I appreciate the notation of sources as well as the sharing of tips or personal preferences (Field Notes, CW pencils, etc.). I enjoyed the Adam Grant podcast and would love to see additional sessions with book authors, writers, or performers. Thanks for all your ideas and insights.

  196. Jimmy C says:

    Well done! I have shared this same research with my son (11 yoa) and now will have him watch the Pinkcast to validate my story. Absolutely love the Nats helmet (top shelf). Looking forward to season to begin.

  197. Henrieta says:

    Way better than the #1 and #2!
    You could have also added that people can easily draw in addition to writing, or connect pieces with arrows, create relationships between different points… and instead of the camera being on you, it could have been on a paper where somebody is taking notes as you are talking – so people can see in the real time what you are suggesting 🙂

  198. Govinda Rajan says:

    Another good one – when I put pen to paper, the only thing I do is doodle and surprise, when I later recall – I can recall every detail. Also, I felt your first cast was the most powerful. Thanks a lot.

  199. rob davies says:

    Another great podcast thanks. Always worth the little bit of time and effort to watch and learn. This time, like many others, I already knew this one but it’s nice to be reminded – I am surrounded by people who use stylus and iPad now, and this reminds me that lo-tech is also hi-fi.

    Nice links again – I find these to be really big added value to the posts, although I guess they might take the biggest effort on your part – please keep the quality of these up if you can.

    Finally, I am also enjoying my reruns of the posts trying to read what’s your bookshelf.

    Best wishes,


  200. Bruce says:

    Great reminder with references. Had visited this pencil store but had forgotten it. I will share this with my grandkids, I knew but nothing like an expert to teach us and renew ideas. Short enough for them to get the idea. Also introduces GTD. Many of us who follow you know this stuff. Your videos give us a way to share it.
    This will expose you to a wider audience.
    Are you heading toward online courses, or webinars? I could see these arranged into categories and then a choice of pathways along those lines.
    What ever your plans, these are good solid info. Not always new, but your references allow for deeper study and/or implementation. Your responses are great here but that doesn’t scale well unless you take all these comments and build FAQ with it.
    Your are a smart guy, I love just watching what you are doing.

  201. Laurie Calland says:

    I love that this Pinkcast for the following reasons. 1) It’s short. I found myself willing to invest the time to get out earbuds and listen because I knew it would be short and to the point. 2) Indeed, you do get right to the point. 3) You clearly frame the question you’re Pinkcast intends to answer, and you state the answer clearly. 4) You ask, “Why?” and then you cite research to explain. 5) You include links to your research. Great work!

  202. Great podcast! I really like that there are links to the research for those who want to read more, AND that there are not a ton of them!

  203. Charlie says:

    Quick preference feedback: qould love to see these videos posted to YouTube instead of Vimeo. I prefer to watch/listen to videos at 2X speed – and Vimeo doesn’t allow this feature.

  204. Mark says:

    Content is great.

    Speed and directness of delivery is great. (Though I’d recommend keeping it under a minute – like you do in “Hidden Brain.” Under a minute is a very attractive sounding time.)

    The setting is distracting to me (maybe not others – I wonder about what you’re reading, envy a wall of books, etc.) If you film in front of a blank wall or surface, you could also easily include visuals (lengthy computer notes vs. handwritten notes with images, etc.) — these could pop-up as insets (using Picture In Picture on iMovie, for example.)

    Also, I have trouble with your eye contact – it seems like you are looking not quite directly at the camera, but at something that is slightly up and to your right? A teleprompter, I’d expect, but the effect is uncanny.

    Without the teleprompter, you might make the whole thing more conversational – maybe tape three words for the sections you plan to include. From listening to your podcasts, it’s clear you’re able to articulate points clearly and fluently without notes.

    Asking for feedback from viewers is BRILLIANT! What better way to engage folks, and make your ideas better? I plan to imitate this in my work.

    • Dan Pink Dan Pink says:

      Thanks, Mark. Great suggestions. Alas, no Teleprompter here. (Uh, no script either!) I think it might just be that I’m positioned at an angle from the camera rather than head-on, which I might need to change.

  205. Jorge DE Flon says:

    The advise is very good, and the resources are great.
    the sound can be improved.


  206. Taso says:

    Hi Dan, great tip, thanks for sharing! The speaking seem much improved over the last one: not as rushed feeling. Also, I really like that you include some links to some expanded reading and support for what you are saying. Great job and looking forward to more!

  207. Kris says:

    Favorite one so far. I like the concept and the topics but this one was the best. I think a bit longer though. Sometimes listening to you it takes a minute for the topic to sink in and by that time you’re done. I like short but maybe too short? I’m trying to learn and I think I need a bit more. Good job though. You’re interesting enough that I would like to have you expand. Thanks!

  208. Sue Reddel says:

    Hi Dan, have to admit that this is my least favorite so far. The sound quality bugged me and the topic was meh. However, I did love looking at your library just a wee bit jealous 😉

  209. Claudia Bear says:

    Good length, I liked the background this week, along with the concept of promoting an idea, not necessarily a product. My kids overheard the video and were intrigued, so your audience may not be limited to adults. It sparked a family discussion about taking notes, and we would all add an extra tip: take the notes, but then later, don’t just read them, rewrite them into a neater and more synthesized version – that adds another round of synthesizing to help remember and understand new information.

  210. Dawn Kotzer says:

    Yep. Knew the gist of it. Share it often AND you added the idea of ‘synthesis’ to strengthen the notetaking case. Yep. informal quality and presentation AND you gave those like myself who like to listen AND look more to take in. Yep, therein lies the brilliance. Single AND layered.

  211. Great. I think taking notes by hand is better because it does engage our brain; and we will remember better. To me writing is relaxing. I also, use a mind-mapping technique to capture the major points.

  212. Thanks Dan – A great Pinkcast, when I studied (Landscape Architecture and Ecology) we had hand-notetaking drummed into us – I find hand notes give me near-perfect recall, even if I never read my notes again, plus lots of marginal microsketches.

    What we were taught was humans have been making marks for so long: cave walls>bark>clay tablets>papyrus… that it’s become a (almost) hard-wired thing – akin to body language/gesturing and just as essential.

  213. Ian Gavin says:

    I really like this short pinkcast. Too many students are now relying on computers to take notes in class.

  214. Wendy says:

    Thanks Daniel. I always do!!! take notes by hand that is. ;0)
    Good to have old practices backed up by science.

  215. Debra Isaacson says:

    Great pinkcast! As far as your pondering about frequency, I would probably be able to keep up more with an every other week timing. I would think I’m missing out if I couldn’t watch every week, (add to my stress) but I certainly can see benefitting from every other week.

  216. Karen Woods says:

    Great information as usual. It’s interesting that everyone focused on the content. That’s because the presentation was done very well. This one is an A+ in my book.

  217. Dennis Wong says:

    I am an active and better listener when I take notes by hand.

  218. s wright says:

    Dan: I appreciate your suggestions/tips. I love notetaking by hand. My problem is the filing of resultant notes for easy retrieval–always store under project title or use some other method. I could use some tips here.

  219. Santiago says:

    Dear Dan,

    Thank you for your interesting contributions. It might be true that with the pen you can easily draft things, shapes or whatever. However, according to my experience, I am much more faster typing on a computer, in such a way that at least, in meetings where I do not need to draw, I prefer to take notes by computer, because of the writing speed. It makes me fix my attention better to the speakers and write at the time they are speaking with no delays.

    Regards from Spain.

  220. Sarah says:

    Happy to see the research that backs this up. Depending on the situation, I definitely see the comparative advantages of long-hand over computer-based notetaking. When I’m on point for recording a meeting for others to use/review later, I’m inclined to do the notes via computer and synthesize later. But if it’s for my own benefit, e.g., watching a speaker, or participating in a meeting, I agree that pen & paper are far superior. The ideas and syntheses truly flow from the pen in a way that they just can’t from a keyboard.

    Liked this physical set-up for the video. Camera placement, sound quality, background were all spot-on this time around. Looking forward to the next one!

  221. damian says:

    best one so far- concise, informative and humorous (in parts)

  222. Kay says:

    I have struggled with this for the 8 years I’ve been with my current company. It’s a tech company so everyone takes their laptop to meetings and takes notes on their laptop. I always have pen and paper. I was told when I first started that I needed to get on board and take notes on my laptop. I tried, I really did. It isn’t a typing speed thing, I type faster than I can write and sometimes my handwriting is horrendous and my spelling even worse. It’s that I can process and remember the material better if I’m writing. I can engage in conversation and ask good questions when I’m writing, something that I struggle with when I’m typing. So to this day I still carry a quad ruled composition book and pen with me where ever I go. Each one has the year written on the front. When I finish one I put the months under the year and start a new one trying to maintain the same color cover throughout the year.

  223. Paul says:

    I emphasize this with my kids all the time. Technology is a great tool, but don’t just sit there and passively watch video lectures! Take it back to the 70s, Craik and Lockhart – Levels of Processing! Rich encoding, get active! Typing is such a highly automated task, it requires minimal info processing.

    I will concede, sometimes you do need to be a stenographer at a meeting – getting names, lists, etc – rapid capture can be an advantage.

    Depending on what you need to get out of the meeting/lecture/info session, you may want to have both.
    Or perhaps you can change your operating mode with the computer, process the info first, then type your thoughts instead of their words (could be a step in the right direction)

    • Ann says:

      I use a mix of paper/pencil and technology. For “content” – I like to use pen/paper as I have found I have better info retention. However, for names/phone numbers/ addresses and “facts” – I take a picture with my phone to augment my written notes. The picture ensures accuracy and frees up time for doodles that help link my thinking or for adding questions that I have.

      Great podcast – I think many of the original quality issues have been resolved – great picture/sound! I like the “crowd-sourcing” feedback structure.

  224. Ted says:

    A practical and worthwhile suggestion. I like suggestions with a solid research base, and appreciate the links to explore the topic. Everything about this Pinkcast was excellent.

  225. Sue says:

    Great perspective, and timely as many companies facilitate the switch to electronic note-taking (even providing staff with iPads instead of notebooks). Hand-written notes feel a bit old-school but they also feel like they have greater potential to activate the memory of why you took that note in the first place!

  226. Lajet says:

    Makes sense! interesting.

  227. Yes totally agree Daniel…what an interesting ideal for a Pinkcast and don’t think many people below a certain age know this. When studying for an exam having taken notes by hand always helped me retain the information so much better.
    What I have found (alas) is that after spending so much time on the computer my writing skills are deteriorating.

  228. Shea Bolin says:

    As a secondary online/virtual instructor, I have expressed this research for quite some time to students. I want them to understand that just because they work via a computer, it is still worth killing the tree to write out notes since the research dictates you will learn and retain the information better. Nice resource for me to use to reiterate and have backup.

  229. Jamie Vollrath says:

    Here, here! As a high school teacher, I have seen enough evidence over my 14 years to know this is true. Annotating–heck, just the act of holding a pencil while reading–is super helpful with both retention and higher-end processing. I’m also a big fan of Sunni Brown’s TED Talk on the Doodle Revolution. “Doodling,” or visual notetaking, is a more “creative” approach to notetaking by hand and appeals to many “right-brainers.”

  230. Lee Folger says:

    Dan, your note-taking Pinkcast is a very useful and underrated productivity tip. Would you share any additional detail regarding how you like to use GTD in your note-taking? For me, I am still learning how to fine-tune that wonderful system. Finally, on a much more serious note, what about your studio naming rights? The Miles Davis studio for the podcast was a nice touch – how about Otis Redding for the Pinkcast studio?

  231. Kristin says:

    Affirmation that I’m doing it right! I can quote this research the next time my laptop note-taking peers look at me like I’m still living in the Stone Age…

  232. Suzanne says:

    Love it – right length that fits the info, rather than squashing the info to set a pre-determined size. Whether new info or a reminder, still great stuff. Thanks!

  233. Arja Parpala says:

    Thanks for the Pikcasts! A great way to deliver interesting information. And your style is so nice and casual. It feels as if you really were in my livingroom.

  234. Diana Newton says:

    would have been useful to see a “tap-tap-transcription” example followed by a handwritten, synthesized one to underscore the point and provide more visual variety

  235. Nadia Dean says:

    Love the Pinkcasts! Interesting research–taking notes by hand has always made me feel more “connected” to what I’m writing, and I guess that will never change! Thanks Dan!

  236. Another great Pinkcast! Like some of the others, this was not new to me. I’ve done extensive “field testing” on my own, as an avid note-taker. In law school I switched from paper to laptop and definitely noticed a difference in retention. These days I use either ipad + keyboard or paper.

    I find that with the typed notes, if I go through them after to create headers, bullets and move pieces around, that helps with retention. On the surface, it appears that I’m just formatting to make it look pretty, but that effort to review them and create some structure around it is where the synthesis happens. Also, being selective about what to type. If I’m attending a conference, that processing effort also offers me an opportunity to add cross references to other presentations that may have a connection.

    One question on which I’m curious, given my own experience: I do a lot of writing these days on my iphone — with my thumbs, not a keyboard. I often find that the writing flows better and I don’t get “stuck” like I do at the computer. To me, it feels similar to when I write longhand. I wonder if there is any research about this.

    Also – I am OBSESSED with your book case. 🙂

  237. Laura Rush says:

    Great advice backed by research. Taking notes by hand also helps you close the laptop and focus more on the interactions taking place. Thanks for your Pincasts! Love them!

  238. If the topic is interesting, as they all are, I do not see an issue in making the pinkcasts somewhat longer, giving the opportunity to delve in a little more depth regarding explanations, reasons, justifications, etc., to support the premise of the key point being made. If the viewer finds the topic of interest, they will watch for three minutes, if they do not find the topic of interest, 86 seconds is still too long.

  239. Albert Guy Affeldt says:

    That makes perfect sense. However, when you need to review everything the presenter/lecturer said (details) I usually take computer notes (depending on complexity of the subject) and summarize afterwards when I have more time. If the lecture is quite noteworthy, I just record and scribble. Then listen to the lecture (or specific portions later, where I took note of where that topic was in the recording).

  240. Matt says:

    Another powerful tip clearly delivered…

  241. David Antol says:

    Dan, thanks for the link to #3. I am a strong believer in the more senses that you involve, the more that you remember. I love mind maps as my notes. Thanks again!

  242. Haley S. says:

    Bravo Dan! Sad fact: cursive writing is no longer being taught in schools. I’m not looking forward to the fall-out reports on this (additional) failing of our ed system. Maybe your Pinkcast can be shared as an advocacy tool…

  243. Nancy M says:

    You’re obviously getting a lot of feedback on this. I think that even if it is old news, it’s 84 seconds well spent to refresh the idea. Keep ’em coming!

  244. Dan, I loved this 84 second Pinkcast #3. Why? Because the reason I read all your books is that you link research on neuroscience, psychology, and creative practices to everyday use at work and life. I’d recommend keeping the research related theme in each of your Pinkcasts, as well. Thank you!

  245. Kate Harvie says:

    Preach, Mr. Pink. You are absolutely right!
    I came up when the Palm Pilot launched. Remember those? The stylus. 🙂 As someone who prefers to handwrite to type, while I surely type faster (please, I was a receptionist) than I write with a pen, I remember better when I write by hand. There’s also a tactical, emotional, kinesthetic, and productive feeling that strikes me. I’m writing my book by hand.

  246. Rajeev Dewan says:

    Loving the pink casts Dan. Short and impactful, and backed up by research. Great initiative.

  247. Kerry Gillick-Goldberg says:

    Have you had an opportunity to try out the notes plus app with the iPad Pro? It’s the best of both worlds- writing with their ‘pencil’ and then afterwards being able to either save your notes as is or if you draw a circle around the written portion and it will convert it to type- to make sending off a meeting review, etc. easier.

  248. Amy Bogatch says:

    Excellent tip! We struggle with younger folks on our team who are so technologically savvy that taking hand written notes seems “old fashioned” to them. You make a lot of sense! I love the weekly tips. Keep’em coming.

  249. Iain says:

    Good day Dan

    I liked the presentation thank you. It was a clear message on how to improve note taking.


  250. Martha Crowell says:

    Hi, Dan. I love your books and I’ve loved hearing you speak in person. Pinkcasts are a great idea, as you have so many valuable thoughts to share. One prpcedural thought: I notice that your speech is rushed, and, at the times you slow down just a little bit, I’m concentrating on content. When you speed up, I concentrate on your being speedy. One content thought: I notice that notetaking in some big current conferences is graphic in nature (colored markers, boxes, huge arrows) and amazingly helpful to view as well as being helpful to write. That could be a “part two” of this

  251. Adelissa Gonzalez says:

    Great point! I’ll take a note of it… by hand.

  252. Kathi says:

    My son’s High School actually offered study/note taking course – I agree!!
    Good podcast again!

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